Republic of Croatia
Croatia - the best kept secret of Europe - seems not be so secret any more.
Each year more and more international visitors come to discover Croatia's history, her culture and beauty, her mild continental and Mediterranean climates, her hospitable people and ancient towns, her pristine beaches and healthy specialties.
Croatia is a country in Central Europe and Southeastern Europe at the crossroads of the Panonian Plain, the Balkans, and the Adriatic Sea. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb.
Croatia borders Slovenia to the north, Italy to the west, Hungary to the northeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast.
Croatia first appeared as a duchy in the 7th century and then as a kingdom in the 10th century.
From the 12th century it remained a distinct state with its ruler (ban) and parliament, but it obeyed the kings and emperors of various neighboring powers, primarily Hungary and Austria.
The period from the 15th to the 17th centuries was marked by bitter struggles with the Ottoman Empire.
After being incorporated in Yugoslavia for most of the 20th century, and a bitter struggle in the Homeland War, Croatia regained independence in 1991.
Has been a parliamentary democracy ever since.