Baltazar Baldo Bogišić
Baltazar Baldo Bogišić, a scientist, jurist of European fame, and a member of many intellectual societies, was born in Cavtat on December 7, 1834.
His father Vlaho did not yield to his son's wish to further his education elsewhere. Baltazar remained in Cavtat employed at his father's company (commerce and trade).
After his father's death in 1856, he decided to turn toward the studies. He finished his high schooling in Venice in 1959 and went on to study the law at University of Vienna. He attended lectures in philosophy, philology and history as well and not only in Vienna, but in Berlin, Munich, etc.
In 1862 (in Giesen) he had passed all the PhD requirements and soon after was hired as an administrator of the Viennese court library. After the promotion ('Doctor of Law' Baltazar spent four years at the Viennese court as an advisor. His duties extended to the advisory in the Srijem-Banat area where he was to organize, develop and oversee the educational system.
In 1869 he accepted the professors post at University of Odessa. He not only taught but also traveled the surrounding areas attempting to learn the law customs of the varies peoples that inhabited it.
In 1872 Montenegro's king Nikola invited him to produce the Civil laws. Baltazar accepted and went to Paris where he endeavored to complete the task.
He was interrupted during the war between Turkey and Russia - he was sent to Bulgaria to participate in organizing the court system (as a part of the Russian's Civil Chancellery).
Baltazar returned to Paris at the end of 1887. By the first half of 1888 the Montenegro's king had already signed the laws that Baltazar had written.
King Nikola then made him the Minister of Justice of Montenegro so he could oversee the execution of the said laws. At Baltazar's suggestion, in 1898 the laws were adjusted to better reflect the actual execution of their mandates.
He left the post of Minister of Justice of Montenegro in 1898 and traveled to Paris where he lived until his last days.
Baltazar Baldo Bogišić passed away in Rijeka on April 24, 1908 en route to his native Cavtat.
A bibliophile, during his life Baltazar had collected over 18,000 rare volumes which, together with his private correspondence of 10,092 letters, he left to his native Cavtat.
Baltazar Bogišić Collection
Address: Sv. Nikole 1, 20210 Cavtat
Housed within the 16th-century Renaissance Knežev Dvor (Rector’s Palace), the Collection includes: